|18.2.101||MODEL PROCEDURAL RULES|
(1) The Department of Transportation adopts and incorporates by reference the Attorney General's right of participation procedural rules ARM 1.3.101 and 1.3.102; the Attorney General's organizational and procedural rules ARM 1.3.201 through 1.3.233; and the Secretary of State's organizational and procedural rules ARM 1.3.301 through 1.3.313 with the exceptions contained in this subchapter.
(2) A copy of the model procedural rules may be obtained from the Department of Transportation, P.O. Box 201001, Helena, MT 59620-1001.
|18.2.102||CONTESTED CASES, HEARING|
(2) The presiding officer must ensure that all parties are afforded an opportunity to respond and present evidence and argument on all issues involved.
(3) The hearing must be recorded on an electronic sound recorder (tape recorder, digital sound recorder, or other electronic sound recorder) unless either party demands a stenographic record. The cost of a stenographic record must be paid by the requesting party.
(4) Absent a determination by the presiding officer that the interests of justice require otherwise, the order of hearing is as follows:
(a) any opening statements requested or allowed by the presiding officer;
(b) presentation of evidence by the party asserting a claim for relief (the challenging party);
(c) cross examination by the opposing party;
(d) presentation of evidence by the opposing party;
(e) cross examination by the challenging party; and
(f) rebuttal testimony.
(5) Exhibits must be marked and must identify the person offering the exhibits. The exhibits shall be preserved by the agency as part of the record of the proceedings.
(6) The presiding officer may hear closing arguments, request supporting briefs, and/or order a schedule for parties to submit proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law.
(7) The presiding officer may grant recesses or continue the hearing.
(8) The party challenging the agency action bears the burden of proof.
|18.2.103||CONTESTED CASES, RECORD|
(a) all pleadings, motions, and rulings;
(b) all evidence, either written or oral, received, or considered by the presiding officer;
(c) a statement of matters officially noticed;
(d) questions and offers of proof, objections, and rulings on objections;
(e) proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law, supporting briefs and exceptions; and
(f) any decision, opinion, or report by the presiding officer which must be in writing.
(2) At the request of any party, the record must be transcribed. The cost of transcription is the responsibility of the requesting party.
(3) If a party seeks judicial review of a final agency decision, the hearing record (if any) must be transcribed. The cost of transcription is the responsibility of the party appealing the final agency decision.
|18.2.104||GENERAL RULES, REPRESENTATION|
(2) A corporation, partnership, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, cooperative, unincorporated association, estate, or trust appearing before an agency is considered a separate legal entity and may not appear on its own behalf through an agent other than a licensed attorney.
(3) A person appearing before an agency may proceed pro se, but may not appear through an agent other than a licensed attorney.
|18.2.105||MOTIONS FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT|
(2) A party is entitled to a hearing on a motion for summary judgment.
|18.2.107||INFORMAL DISPOSITION OBJECTIONS, PETITION FOR JUDICIAL REVIEW|
(2) A party who is dissatisfied with an informal agency decision may petition the district court as provided in 2-4-701, et seq., MCA.
|18.2.113||EMPLOYEE GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES|
(2) Department of Transportation employees who have attained permanent status may file a grievance only as provided in ARM 2.21.8010 through 2.21.8030 unless the employee is covered by an exclusive grievance procedure provided under a collective bargaining agreement or a statutory grievance procedure.
(3) A copy of the Department of Administration's employee grievance procedural rules may be obtained on the Department of Transportation website at www.mdt.mt.gov.
|18.2.201||POLICY STATEMENT CONCERNING MEPA RULES|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.202||DEFINITION OF MEPA TERMS|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.203||DETERMINATION OF PRELIMINARY ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.204||PREPARATION OF PRELIMINARY ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.221||DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.222||FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENTS|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.223||TIMING OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS-COMMENTS AND RESPONSES|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.224||COMMENTS ON ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS ARE PUBLIC DOCUMENTS|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.225||LEAD AGENCY STATUS WHERE TWO OR MORE AGENCIES ARE INVOLVED IN SIMILAR ACTIONS|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.226||JOINT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS BY TWO OR MORE AGENCIES|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.227||REFERENCE TO EXISTING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.228||SUBSTITUTION OF NEPA ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT FOR MEPA ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.229||CONFLICTS PREVENTING COMPLIANCE WITH RULES|
This rule has been repealed.
This rule has been repealed.
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.232||FEES - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.233||PREPARATION, CONTENT, AND DISTRIBUTION OF A PROGRAMMATIC REVIEW|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.234||RETROACTIVE APPLICATION OF THE MEPA RULES - WHERE PROHIBITED|
This rule has been repealed.
|18.2.235||POLICY STATEMENT CONCERNING MEPA RULES|
(2) (a) "Alternative" means:
(i) an alternate approach or course of action that would appreciably accomplish the same objectives or results as the proposed action;
(ii) design parameters, mitigation, or controls other than those incorporated into a proposed action by an applicant or by an agency prior to preparation of an EA or draft EIS;
(iii) no action or denial; and
(iv) for agency-initiated actions, a different program or series of activities that would accomplish other objectives or a different use of resources than the proposed program or series of activities.
(b) The agency is required to consider only alternatives that are realistic, technologically available, and that represent a course of action that bears a logical relationship to the proposal being evaluated.
(3) "The agency" means department of highways.
(4) "Applicant" means a person or any other entity who applies to the agency for a grant, loan, subsidy, or other funding assistance, or for a lease, permit, license, certificate, or other entitlement for use or permission to act.
(5) "Categorical exclusion" refers to a type of action which does not individually, collectively, or cumulatively require an EA or EIS, as determined by rulemaking or programmatic review adopted by the agency, unless extraordinary circumstances, as defined by rulemaking or programmatic review, occur.
(6) "Compensation" means the replacement or provision of substitute resources or environments to offset an impact on the quality of the human environment. The agency may not consider compensation for purposes of determining the significance of impacts (see ARM 18.2.237(4) ) .
(7) "Cumulative impact" means the collective impacts on the human environment of the proposed action when considered in conjunction with other past and present actions related to the proposed action by location or generic type. Related future actions must also be considered when these actions are under concurrent consideration by any state agency through pre-impact statement studies, separate impact statement evaluation, or permit processing procedures.
(8) "Emergency actions" include, but are not limited to:
(a) projects undertaken, carried out, or approved by the agency to repair or restore property or facilities damaged or destroyed as a result of a disaster when a disaster has been declared by the governor or other appropriate government entity;
(b) emergency repairs to public service facilities necessary to maintain service; and
(c) projects, whether public or private, undertaken to prevent or mitigate immediate threats to public health, safety, welfare, or the environment.
(9) "Environmental assessment" (EA) means a written analysis of a proposed action to determine whether an EIS is required or to serve one or more of the other purposes described in ARM 18.2.237(2) .
(10) "Environmental impact statement" (EIS) means the detailed written statement required by section 75-1-201, MCA, which may take several forms:
(a) "Draft environmental impact statement" means a detailed written statement prepared to the fullest extent possible in accordance with 75-1-201(1) (b) (iii) , MCA, and ARM 18.2.235 through 18.2.260;
(b) "Final environmental impact statement" means a written statement prepared to the fullest extent possible in accordance with 75-1-201, MCA, and ARM 18.2.244 or 18.2.245 and which responds to substantive comments received on the draft environmental impact statement;
(c) "Joint environmental impact statement" means an EIS prepared jointly by more than one agency, either state or federal, when the agencies are involved in the same or a closely related proposed action.
(11) "Environmental quality council" (EQC) means the council established pursuant to Title 75, chapter 1, MCA, and 5-16-101, MCA.
(12) "Human environment" includes, but is not limited to biological, physical, social, economic, cultural, and aesthetic factors that interrelate to form the environment. As the term applies to the agency's determination of whether an EIS is necessary (see ARM 18.2.237(1) ) , economic and social impacts do not by themselves require an EIS. However, whenever an EIS is prepared, economic and social impacts and their relationship to biological, physical, cultural and aesthetic impacts must be discussed.
(13) "Lead agency" means the state agency that has primary authority for committing the government to a course of action or the agency designated by the governor to supervise the preparation of a joint environmental impact statement or environmental assessment.
(14) "Mitigation" means:
(a) avoiding an impact by not taking a certain action or parts of an action;
(b) minimizing impacts by limiting the degree or magnitude of an action and its implementation;
(c) rectifying an impact by repairing, rehabilitating, or restoring the affected environment; or
(d) reducing or eliminating an impact over time by preservation and maintenance operations during the life of an action or the time period thereafter that an impact continues.
(15) "Programmatic review" means an analysis (EIS or EA) of the impacts on the quality of the human environment of related actions, programs, or policies.
(16) "Residual impact" means an impact that is not eliminated by mitigation.
(17) "Scope" means the range of reasonable alternatives, mitigation, issues, and potential impacts to be considered in an environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement.
(18) "Secondary impact" means a further impact to the human environment that may be stimulated or induced by or otherwise result from a direct impact of the action.
(19) "State agency", means an office, commission, committee, board, department, council, division, bureau, or section of the executive branch of state government.
|18.2.237||GENERAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW PROCESS|
(1) The agency shall prepare an EIS as follows:
(a) whenever an EA indicates that an EIS is necessary; or
(b) whenever, based on the criteria in ARM 18.2.238, the proposed action is a major action of state government significantly affecting the quality of the human environment.
(2) An EA may serve any of the following purposes:
(a) to ensure that the agency uses the natural and social sciences and the environmental design arts in planning and decision-making. An EA may be used independently or in conjunction with other agency planning and decision-making procedures;
(b) to assist in the evaluation of reasonable alternatives and the development of conditions, stipulations or modifications to be made a part of a proposed action;
(c) to determine the need to prepare an EIS through an initial evaluation and determination of the significance of impacts associated with a proposed action;
(d) to ensure the fullest appropriate opportunity for public review and comment on proposed actions, including alternatives and planned mitigation, where the residual impacts do not warrant the preparation of an EIS; and
(e) to examine and document the effects of a proposed action on the quality of the human environment, and to provide the basis for public review and comment, whenever statutory requirements do not allow sufficient time for an agency to prepare an EIS. The agency shall determine whether sufficient time is available to prepare an EIS by comparing statutory requirements that establish when the agency must make its decision on the proposed action with the time required by ARM 18.2.246 to obtain public review of an EIS plus a reasonable period to prepare a draft EIS and, if required, a final EIS.
(3) The agency shall prepare an EA whenever:
(a) the action is not excluded under (5) and it is not clear without preparation of an EA whether the proposed action is a major one significantly affecting the quality of the human environment;
(b) the action is not excluded under (5) and although an EIS is not warranted, the agency has not otherwise implemented the interdisciplinary analysis and public review purposes listed in (2) (a) and (d) through a similar planning and decision-making process; or
(c) statutory requirements do not allow sufficient time for the agency to prepare an EIS.
(4) The agency may, as an alternative to preparing an EIS, prepare an EA whenever the action is one that might normally require an EIS, but effects which might otherwise be deemed significant appear to be mitigable below the level of significance through design, or enforceable controls or stipulations or both imposed by the agency or other government agencies. For an EA to suffice in this instance, the agency must determine that all of the impacts of the proposed action have been accurately identified, that they will be mitigated below the level of significance, and that no significant impact is likely to occur. The agency may not consider compensation for purposes of determining that impacts have been mitigated below the level of significance.
(5) The agency is not required to prepare an EA or an EIS for the following categories of action:
(a) actions that qualify for a categorical exclusion as defined by rule or justified by a programmatic review. In the rule or programmatic review, the agency shall identify any extraordinary circumstances in which a normally excluded action requires an EA or EIS;
(b) administrative actions: routine, clerical or similar functions of a department, including but not limited to administrative procurement, contracts for consulting services, and personnel actions;
(c) minor repairs, operations, or maintenance of existing equipment or facilities;
(d) investigation and enforcement: data collection, inspection of facilities or enforcement of environmental standards;
(e) ministerial actions: actions in which the agency exercises no discretion, but rather acts upon a given state of facts in a prescribed manner; and
(f) actions that are primarily social or economic in nature and that do not otherwise affect the human environment.
|18.2.238||DETERMINING THE SIGNIFICANCE OF IMPACTS|
(a) the severity, duration, geographic extent, and frequency of occurrence of the impact;
(b) the probability that the impact will occur if the proposed action occurs; or conversely, reasonable assurance in keeping with the potential severity of an impact that the impact will not occur;
(c) growth-inducing or growth-inhibiting aspects of the impact, including the relationship or contribution of the impact to cumulative impacts;
(d) the quantity and quality of each environmental resource or value that would be affected, including the uniqueness and fragility of those resources or values;
(e) the importance to the state and to society of each environmental resource or value that would be affected;
(f) any precedent that would be set as a result of an impact of the proposed action that would commit the department to future actions with significant impacts or a decision in principle about such future actions; and
(g) potential conflict with local, state, or federal laws, requirements, or formal plans.
(2) An impact may be adverse, beneficial, or both. If none of the adverse effects of the impact are significant, an EIS is not required. An EIS is required if an impact has a significant adverse effect, even if the agency believes that the effect on balance will be beneficial.
|18.2.239||PREPARATION AND CONTENTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS|
(2) For a routine action with limited environmental impact, the contents of an EA may be reflected on a standard checklist format. At the other extreme, whenever an action is one that might normally require an EIS, but effects that otherwise might be deemed significant are mitigated in project design or by controls imposed by the agency, the analysis, format, and content must all be more substantial. The agency shall prepare the evaluations and present the information described in section (3) as applicable and in a level of detail appropriate to the following considerations:
(a) the complexity of the proposed action;
(b) the environmental sensitivity of the area affected by the proposed action;
(c) the degree of uncertainty that the proposed action will have a significant impact on the quality of the human environment;
(d) the need for and complexity of mitigation required to avoid the presence of significant impacts.
(3) To the degree required in (2) above, an EA must include:
(a) a description of the proposed action, including maps and graphs;
(b) a description of the benefits and purpose of the proposed action. If the agency prepares a cost/benefit analysis before completion of the EA, the EA must contain the cost/benefit analysis or a reference to it;
(c) a listing of any state, local, or federal agencies that have overlapping or additional jurisdiction or environmental review responsibility for the proposed action and the permits, licenses, and other authorizations required;
(d) an evaluation of the impacts, including cumulative and secondary impacts, on the physical environment. This evaluation may take the form of an environmental checklist and/or, as appropriate, a narrative containing more detailed analysis of topics and impacts that are potentially significant, including, where appropriate: terrestrial and aquatic life and habitats; water quality, quantity, and distribution; geology; soil quality, stability, and moisture; vegetation cover, quantity and quality; aesthetics; air quality; unique, endangered, fragile, or limited environmental resources; historical and archaeological sites; and demands on environmental resources of land, water, air and energy;
(e) an evaluation of the impacts, including cumulative and secondary impacts, on the human population in the area to be affected by the proposed action. This evaluation may take the form of an environmental checklist and/or, as appropriate, a narrative containing more detailed analysis of topics and impacts that are potentially significant, including where appropriate, social structures and mores; cultural uniqueness and diversity; access to and quality of recreational and wilderness activities; local and state tax base and tax revenues; agricultural or industrial production; human health; quantity and distribution of employment; distribution and density of population and housing; demands for government services; industrial and commercial activity; locally adopted environmental plans and goals; and other appropriate social and economic circumstances;
(f) a description and analysis of reasonable alternatives to a proposed action whenever alternatives are reasonably available and prudent to consider and a discussion of how the alternative would be implemented;
(g) a listing and appropriate evaluation of mitigation, stipulations, and other controls enforceable by the agency or another government agency;
(h) a listing of other agencies or groups that have been contacted or have contributed information;
(i) the names of persons responsible for preparation of the EA; and
(j) a finding on the need for an EIS and, if appropriate, an explanation of the reasons for preparing the EA. If an EIS is not required, the EA must describe the reasons the EA is an appropriate level of analysis.
|18.2.240||PUBLIC REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS|
(2) An EA is a public document and may be inspected upon request. Any person may obtain a copy of an EA by making a request to the agency. If the document is out-of-print, a copying charge may be levied.
(3) The agency is responsible for providing additional opportunities for public review consistent with the seriousness and complexity of the environmental issues associated with a proposed action and the level of public interest. Methods of accomplishing public review include publishing a news release or legal notice to announce the availability of an EA, summarizing its content and soliciting public comment; holding public meetings or hearings; maintaining mailing lists of persons interested in a particular action or type of action and notifying them of the availability of EAs on such actions; and distributing copies of EAs for review and comment.
(4) For an action with limited environmental impact and little public interest, no further public review may be warranted. However, where an action is one that normally requires an EIS, but effects that otherwise might be deemed significant are mitigated in the project proposal or by controls imposed by the agency, public involvement must include the opportunity for public comment, a public meeting or hearing, and adequate notice. The agency is responsible for determining appropriate methods to ensure adequate public review on a case by case basis.
(5) The agency shall maintain a log of all EAs completed by the agency and shall submit a list of any new EAs completed to the office of the governor and the environmental quality council on a quarterly basis. In addition, the agency shall submit a copy of each completed EA to the EQC.
(6) The agency shall consider the substantive comments received in response to an EA and proceed in accordance with one of the following steps, as appropriate:
(a) determine that an EIS is necessary;
(b) determine that the EA did not adequately reflect the issues raised by the proposed action and issue a revised document; or
(c) determine that an EIS is not necessary and make a final decision on the proposed action, with appropriate modification resulting from the analysis in the EA and analysis of public comment.
|18.2.241||DETERMINING THE SCOPE OF AN EIS|
(2) To identify the scope of an EIS, the agency shall:
(a) invite the participation of affected federal, state, and local government agencies, Indian tribes, the applicant, if any, and interested persons or groups;
(b) identify the issues related to the proposed action that are likely to involve significant impacts and that will be analyzed in depth in the EIS;
(c) identify the issues that are not likely to involve significant impacts, thereby indicating that unless unanticipated effects are discovered during the preparation of the EIS, the discussion of these issues in the EIS will be limited to a brief presentation of the reasons they will not significantly affect the quality of the human environment; and
(d) identify those issues that have been adequately addressed by prior environmental review, thereby indicating that the discussion of these issues in the EIS will be limited to a summary and reference to their coverage elsewhere; and
(e) identify possible alternatives to be considered.
|18.2.242||ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS--GENERAL REQUIREMENTS|
(1) The agency shall prepare EISs that are analytic rather than encyclopedic.
(2) The agency shall discuss the impacts of a proposed action in a level of detail that is proportionate to their significance. For other than significant issues, an EIS need only include enough discussion to show why more study is not warranted.
(3) The agency shall prepare with each draft and final EIS a brief summary that is available for distribution separate from the EIS. The summary must describe:
(a) the proposed action being evaluated by the EIS, the impacts, and the alternatives;
(b) areas of controversy and major conclusions;
(c) the tradeoffs among the alternatives; and
(d) the agency's preferred alternative, if any.
|18.2.243||PREPARATION AND CONTENTS OF DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS|
prepare a draft environmental impact statement using an
interdisciplinary approach and containing the following:
(1) a description of the proposed action, including its purpose and benefits;
(2) a listing of any state, local, or federal agencies that have overlapping or additional jurisdiction and a description of their responsibility for the proposed action;
(3) a description of the current environmental conditions in the area affected by the proposed action or alternatives, including maps and charts, whenever appropriate. The description must be no longer than is necessary to understand the effects of the action and alternatives. Data analysis must be commensurate with the importance of the impact with less important material summarized, consolidated, or simply referenced;
(4) a description of the impacts on the quality of the human environment of the proposed action including:
(a) the factors listed in (3) (d) and (e) of ARM 18.2.239, whenever appropriate;
(b) primary, secondary, and cumulative impacts;
(c) potential growth-inducing or growth-inhibiting impacts;
(d) irreversible and irretrievable commitments of environmental resources, including land, air, water and energy;
(e) economic and environmental benefits and costs of the proposed action; and
(f) the relationship between local short-term uses of man's environment and the effect on maintenance and enhancement of the long-term productivity of the environment. When a cost-benefit analysis is prepared by the agency prior to the preparation of the draft EIS, it shall be incorporated by reference in or appended to the EIS;
(5) an analysis of reasonable alternatives to the proposed action, including the alternative of no action and other reasonable alternatives that may or may not be within the jurisdiction of the agency to implement, if any;
(6) a discussion of mitigation, stipulations, or other controls committed to and enforceable by the agency or other government agency;
(7) a discussion of any compensation related to impacts stemming from the proposed action;
(8) an explanation of the tradeoffs among the reasonable alternatives;
(9) the agency's preferred alternative , if any, and its reasons for the preference;
(10) a section on consultation and preparation of the draft EIS that includes the following:
(a) the names of those individuals or groups responsible for preparing the EIS;
(b) a listing of other agencies, groups, or individuals who were contacted or contributed information; and
(c) a summary list of source materials used in the preparation of the draft EIS;
(11) a summary of the draft EIS as required in ARM 18.2.242; and
(12) other sections that may be required by other statutes in a comprehensive evaluation of the proposed action, or by the National Environmental Policy Act or other federal statutes governing a cooperating federal agency.
|18.2.244||ADOPTION OF DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT AS FINAL|
in response to the draft EIS, the draft statement may suffice.
The agency shall determine whether to adopt the draft EIS
within 30 days of the close of the comment period on the draft
(2) In the event the agency determines to adopt the draft EIS, the agency shall notify the governor, the Environmental Quality Council, the applicant, if any, and all commenters of its decision and provide a statement describing its proposed course of action. This notification must be accompanied by a copy of all comments or a summary of a representative sample of comments received in response to the draft statement, together with, at minimum, an explanation of why the issues raised do not warrant the preparation of a final EIS.
(3) The agency shall provide public notice of its decision to adopt the draft EIS as a final EIS.
(4) If the agency decides to adopt the draft EIS as the final EIS, it may make a final decision on the proposed action no sooner than 15 days after complying with subsections (1) through (3) above.
|18.2.245||PREPARATION AND CONTENTS OF FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT|
(1) a summary of major conclusions and supporting information from the draft EIS and the responses to substantive comments received on the draft EIS, stating specifically where such conclusions and information were changed from those which appeared in the draft;
(2) a list of all sources of written and oral comments on the draft EIS, including those obtained at public hearings, and, unless impractical, the text of comments received by the agency (in all cases, a representative sample of comments must be included) ;
(3) the agency's responses to substantive comments, including an evaluation of the comments received and disposition of the issues involved;
(4) data, information, and explanations obtained subsequent to circulation of the draft; and
(5) the agency's recommendation, preferred alternative, or proposed decision together with an explanation of the reasons therefor.
|18.2.246||TIME LIMITS AND DISTRIBUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS|
(2) The listed transmittal date to the governor and the EQC must not be earlier than the date that the draft EIS is mailed to other agencies, organizations, and individuals. The agency shall allow 30 days for reply, provided that the agency may extend this period up to an additional 30 days at its discretion or upon application of any person for good cause. When preparing a joint EIS with a federal agency or agencies, the agency may also extend this period in accordance with time periods specified in regulations that implement the National Environmental Policy Act. However, no extension which is otherwise prohibited by law may be granted.
(3) In cases involving an applicant, after the period for comment on the draft EIS has expired, the agency shall send to the applicant a copy of all written comments that were received. The agency shall advise the applicant that he has a reasonable time to respond in writing to the comments received by the agency on the draft EIS and that the applicant's written response must be received before a final EIS can be prepared and circulated. The applicant may waive his right to respond to the comments on the draft EIS.
(4) Following preparation of a final EIS, the agency shall distribute copies to the governor, EQC, appropriate state and federal agencies, the applicant, if any, persons who submitted comments on or received a copy of the draft EIS, and other members of the public upon request.
(5) Except as provided by ARM 18.2.244(4) , a final decision must not be made on the proposed action being evaluated in a final EIS until 15 days have expired from the date of transmittal of the final EIS to the governor and EQC. The listed transmittal date to the governor and EQC must not be earlier than the date that the final EIS is mailed to other agencies, organizations, and individuals.
(6) All written comments received on an EIS, including written responses received from the applicant, must be made available to the public upon request.
(7) Until the agency reaches its final decision on the proposed action, no action concerning the proposal may be taken that would:
(a) have an adverse environmental impact; or
(b) limit the choice of reasonable alternatives, including the no-action alternative.
|18.2.247||SUPPLEMENTS TO ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS|
(1) The agency shall prepare supplements to either draft or final environmental impact statements whenever:
(a) the agency or the applicant makes a substantial change in a proposed action;
(b) there are significant new circumstances, discovered prior to final agency decision, including information bearing on the proposed action or its impacts that change the basis for the decision; or
(c) following preparation of a draft EIS and prior to completion of a final EIS, the agency determines that there is a need for substantial, additional information to evaluate the impacts of a proposed action or reasonable alternatives.
(2) A supplement must include, but is not limited to, a description of the following:
(a) an explanation of the need for the supplement;
(b) the proposed action; and
(c) any impacts, alternatives or other items required by ARM 18.2.243 for a draft EIS or ARM 18.2.245 for a final EIS that were either not covered in the original statement or that must be revised based on new information or circumstances concerning the proposed action.
(3) The same time periods applicable to draft and final EISs apply to the circulation and review of supplements.
|18.2.248||ADOPTION OF AN EXISTING EIS|
(a) that the existing EIS covers an action paralleling or closely related to the action proposed by the agency or the applicant;
(b) on the basis of its own independent evaluation, that the information contained in the existing EIS has been accurately presented; and
(c) that the information contained in the existing EIS is applicable to the action currently being considered.
(2) A summary of the existing EIS or the portion adopted and a list of places where the full text is available must be circulated as a part of the EIS and treated as part of the EIS for all purposes, including, if required, preparation of a final EIS.
(3) Adoption of all or part of an existing EIS does not relieve the agency of the duty to comply with ARM 18.2.243.
(4) The same time periods applicable to draft and final EISs apply to the circulation and review of EISs that include material adopted from an existing EIS.
(5) The agency shall take full responsibility for the portions of a previous EIS adopted. If the agency disagrees with certain adopted portions of the previous EIS, it shall specifically discuss the points of disagreement.
(6) No material may be adopted unless it is reasonably available for inspection by interested persons within the time allowed for comment.
(7) Whenever part of an existing EIS or concurrently prepared EIS is adopted, the part adopted must include sufficient material to allow the part adopted to be considered in the context in which it was presented in the original EIS.
(a) request the participation of other governmental agencies which have special expertise in areas that should be addressed in the EIS;
(b) allocate assignments, as appropriate, for the preparation of the EIS among other participating agencies; and
(c) coordinate the efforts of all affected agencies.
(2) Whenever participation of the agency is requested by a lead agency, the agency shall make a good-faith effort to participate in the EIS as requested, with its expenses for participation in the EIS paid by the lead agency or other agency collecting the EIS fee if one is collected.
|18.2.250||JOINT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS AND EA'S|
(2) The agency shall cooperate with federal and local agencies in preparing EISs when the jurisdiction of the agency is involved. This cooperation may include, but is not limited to: joint environmental research studies, a joint process to determine the scope of an EIS, joint public hearings, joint EISs, and, whenever appropriate, joint issuance of a record of decision.
(3) Whenever the agency proposes or participates in an action that requires preparation of an EIS under both the National Environmental Policy Act and MEPA, the EIS must be prepared in compliance with both statutes and associated rules and regulations. The agency may, if required by a cooperating federal agency, accede to and follow more stringent requirements, such as additional content or public review periods, but in no case may it accede to less than is provided for in these rules.
(4) The same general provisions for cooperation and joint issuance of documents provided for in this rule in connection with EISs also apply to EAs.
|18.2.251||PREPARATION, CONTENT, AND DISTRIBUTION OF A PROGRAMMATIC REVIEW|
(2) The agency may also prepare a programmatic review whenever required by statute, whenever a series of actions under the jurisdiction of the agency warrant such an analysis as determined by the agency, or whenever prepared as a joint effort with a federal agency requiring a programmatic review.
(4) A programmatic review must include, as a minimum, a concise, analytical discussion of alternatives and the cumulative environmental effects of these alternatives on the human environment. In addition programmatic reviews must contain the information specified in ARM 18.2.243 for EISs or ARM 18.2.239 for EAs, as applicable.
(5) The agency shall adhere to the time limits specified for distribution and public comment on EISs or EAs, whichever is applicable.
(6) While work on a programmatic review is in progress, the agency may not take major state actions covered by the program in that interim period unless such action:
(a) is part of an ongoing program;
(b) is justified independently of the program; or
(c) will not prejudice the ultimate decision on the program. Interim action prejudices the ultimate decision on the program if it tends to determine subsequent development or foreclose reasonable alternatives.
(7) Actions taken under subsection (6) must be accompanied by an EA or an EIS, if required.
|18.2.252||RECORD OF DECISION FOR ACTIONS REQUIRING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS|
(2) The agency may include in the final EIS, in addition to a statement of its proposed decision, preferred alternative, or recommendation on the proposed action, the other items required by (1) , and additional explanation as provided for in (3) below. If the final decision and the reasons for that final decision are the same as set forth in the final EIS, the agency may comply with (1) by preparing a public notice of what the decision is and adopting by reference the information contained in the final EIS that addresses the items required by (1) . If the final decision or any of the items required by (1) are different from what was presented in the final EIS, the agency is responsible for preparing a separate record of decision.
(3) There is no prescribed format for a record of decision, except that it must include the items listed in (1) . The record may include the following items as appropriate:
(a) brief description of the context of the decision;
(b) the alternatives considered;
(c) advantages and disadvantages of the alternatives;
(d) the alternative or alternatives considered environmentally preferable;
(e) short and long-term effects of the decision;
(f) policy considerations that were balanced and considered in making the decision;
(g) whether all practical means to avoid or minimize environmental harm were adopted, and if not, why not; and
(h) a summary of implementation plans, including monitoring and enforcement procedures for mitigation, if any.
(4) This rule does not define or affect the statutory decision making authority of the agency.
|18.2.255||RESOLUTION OF STATUTORY CONFLICTS|
(2) The agency has a continuing responsibility to review its programs and activities to evaluate known or anticipated conflicts between ARM 18.2.235 through 18.2.260 and other statutory or regulatory requirements. It shall make such adjustments or recommendations as may be required to ensure maximum compliance with MEPA and these rules.
|18.2.256||CONTRACTS AND DISCLOSURE|
(2) A person contracting with the agency in the preparation of an EIS must execute a disclosure statement, in affidavit form prepared by the agency, specifying that he has no financial or other interest in the outcome of the proposed action other than a contract with the agency.
(2) In addition to the procedure in (1) above, the agency shall take such other steps as are reasonable and appropriate to promote the awareness by interested parties of a scheduled hearing.
(3) The agency shall hold a public hearing whenever requested within 20 days of issuance of the draft EIS by either:
(a) 10% or 25, whichever is less, of the persons who will be directly affected by the proposed action;
(b) by another agency which has jurisdiction over the action;
(c) an association having not less than 25 members who will be directly affected by the proposed action; or
(d) the applicant, if any.
(4) In determining whether a sufficient number of persons have requested a hearing as required by subsection (3) , the agency shall resolve instances of doubt in favor of holding a public hearing.
(5) No person may give testimony at the hearing as a representative of a participating agency. Such a representative may, however, at the discretion of the hearing officer, give a statement regarding his or her agency's authority or procedures and answer questions from the public.
(6) Public meetings may be held in lieu of formal hearings as a means of soliciting public comment on an EIS where no hearing is requested under (3) above. However, the agency shall provide adequate advance notice of the meeting; and, other than the degree of formality surrounding the proceedings, the objectives of such a meeting are essentially the same as those for a hearing.
|18.2.258||FEES: DETERMINATION OF AUTHORITY TO IMPOSE|
(2) The agency shall determine within 30 days after a completed application is filed whether it will be necessary to compile an EIS and assess a fee as prescribed by this rule. If it is determined that an EIS is necessary, the agency shall make a preliminary estimate of its costs. This estimate must include a summary of the data and information needs and the itemized costs of acquiring the data and information, including salaries, equipment costs and any other expense associated with the collection of data and information for the EIS.
(3) Whenever the preliminary estimated costs of acquiring the data and information to prepare an EIS total more than $2,500, the agency shall notify the applicant that a fee must be paid and submit an itemized preliminary estimate of the cost of acquiring the data and information necessary to compile an EIS. The agency shall also notify the applicant to prepare and submit a notarized and detailed estimate of the cost of the project being reviewed in the EIS within 15 days. In addition, the agency shall request the applicant to describe the data and information available or being prepared by the applicant which can possibly be used in the EIS. The applicant may indicate which of the agency's estimated costs of acquiring data and information for the EIS would be duplicative or excessive. The applicant must be granted, upon request, an extension of the 15-day period for submission of an estimate of the project's cost and a critique of the agency's preliminary EIS data and information accumulation cost assessment.
|18.2.259||FEES: DETERMINATION OF AMOUNT|
(2) If an applicant believes that the fee assessed is excessive or does not conform to the requirements of this rule or Title 75, chapter 1, part 2, MCA, the applicant may request a hearing pursuant to the contested case provisions of the Montana Administrative Procedure Act. If a hearing is held on the fee assessed as authorized by this subsection, the agency shall proceed with its analysis of the project wherever possible. The fact that a hearing has been requested is not grounds for delaying consideration of an application except to the extent that the portion of the fee in question affects the ability of the department to collect the data and information necessary for the EIS.
|18.2.260||USE OF FEE|
(2) Whenever the agency has completed work on the EIS, it shall submit to the applicant a complete accounting of how any fee was expended. If the money expended is less than the fee collected, the remainder of the fee shall be refunded to the applicant without interest within 45 days after work has been completed on the final EIS.
|18.2.261||ACTIONS THAT QUALIFY FOR A CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION|
(1) Categorical exclusions (CE) are types of actions which do not individually, collectively, or cumulatively require the preparation of an environment assessment or an environmental impact statement unless the action involves one or more of the extraordinary circumstances stated in (5).
(2) The following actions meet the criteria for categorical exclusions and normally do not require further approvals by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) when a federal action occurs:
(a) activities which do not involve or lead directly to construction, such as planning and research activities; grants for training; engineering to define the elements of a proposed action or alternatives so that social, economic, and environmental effects can be assessed; and federal-aid system revisions which establish classes of highways on the federal-aid highway system;
(b) approval of utility installations along or across a transportation facility;
(c) construction of bicycle and pedestrian lanes, paths, and facilities;
(d) activities included in the state's highway safety plan under 23 U.S.C. 402;
(e) transfer of federal lands pursuant to 23 U.S.C. 107(d) and/or 23 U.S.C. 317 when the land transfer is in support of an action that is not otherwise subject to FHWA review under the National Environmental Policy Act;
(f) the installation of noise barriers or alterations to existing publicly owned buildings to provide for noise reduction;
(h) installation of fencing, signs, pavement markings, small passenger shelters, traffic signals, and railroad warning devices where no substantial land acquisition or traffic disruption will occur;
(i) the following actions for transportation facilities damaged by an incident resulting in an emergency declared by the Governor of Montana and concurred in by the Secretary, or a disaster or emergency declared by the President pursuant to the Robert T. Stafford Act (42 U.S.C. 5121):
(i) emergency repairs under 23 U.S.C. 125; and
(ii) the repair, reconstruction, restoration, retrofitting, or replacement of any road, highway, bridge, tunnel, or transit facility (such as a ferry dock or bus transfer station), including ancillary transportation facilities (such as pedestrian/bicycle paths and bike lanes), that is in operation or under construction when damaged and the action:
(A) occurs within the existing right-of-way and in a manner that substantially conforms to the preexisting design, function, and location as the original (which may include upgrades to meet existing codes and standards as well as upgrades warranted to address conditions that have changed since the original construction); and
(B) is commenced within a two-year period beginning on the date of the declaration;
(j) acquisition of scenic easements;
(k) determination of payback under 23 U.S.C. 156 for property previously acquired with federal-aid participation;
(l) improvements to existing rest areas and truck weigh stations;
(m) ridesharing activities;
(n) bus and rail car rehabilitation;
(o) alterations to facilities or vehicles in order to make them accessible for elderly and handicapped persons;
(p) program administration, technical assistance activities, and operating assistance to transit authorities to continue existing service or increase service to meet routine changes in demand;
(q) the purchase of vehicles by a federal transit fund applicant where the use of these vehicles can be accommodated by existing facilities or by new facilities which themselves are within a CE;
(r) track and railbed maintenance and improvements when carried out within the existing right-of-way;
(s) purchase and installation of operating or maintenance equipment to be located within the transit facility and with no significant impacts off the site;
(t) promulgation of rules, regulations, and directives;
(u) deployment of electronics, photonics, communications, or information processing used singly or in combination, or as components of a fully integrated system, to improve the efficiency or safety of a surface transportation system or to enhance security or passenger convenience. Examples include, but are not limited to, traffic control and detector devices, lane management systems, electronic payment equipment, automatic vehicle locaters, automated passenger counters, computer-aided dispatching systems, radio communications systems, dynamic message signs, and security equipment including surveillance and detection cameras on roadways and in transit facilities and on buses;
(v) projects, as defined in 23 U.S.C. 101, that would take place entirely within the existing operational right-of-way. Existing operational right-of-way refers to right-of-way that has been disturbed for an existing transportation facility or is maintained for a transportation purpose. This area includes the features associated with the physical footprint of the transportation facility (including the roadway, bridges, interchanges, culverts, drainage, fixed guideways, mitigation areas, etc.) and other areas maintained for transportation purposes such as clear zone, traffic control signage, landscaping, any rest areas with direct access to a controlled access highway, areas maintained for safety and security of a transportation facility, parking facilities with direct access to an existing transportation facility, transit power substations, transit venting structures, and transit maintenance facilities. Portions of the right-of-way that have not been disturbed or that are not maintained for transportation purposes are not in the existing operational right-of-way;
(w) federally funded projects:
(i) that receive less than $5,000,000 of federal funds; or
(ii) with a total estimated cost of not more than $30,000,000 and federal funds comprising less than 15 percent of the total estimated project cost;
(x) localized geotechnical and other investigation to provide information for preliminary design and for environmental analyses and permitting purposes, such as drilling test bores for soil sampling; archeological investigations for archeology resources assessment of similar survey; and wetland surveys;
(y) environmental restoration and pollution abatement actions to minimize or mitigate the impacts of any existing transportation facility (including retrofitting and construction of stormwater treatment systems to meet federal and state requirements under sections 401 and 402 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341; 1342)) carried out to address water pollution or environmental degradation;
(z) modernization of a highway by resurfacing, restoration, rehabilitation, reconstruction, adding shoulders, or adding auxiliary lanes (including parking, weaving, turning, and climbing lanes), if the action meets the constraints in (4);
(aa) highway safety or traffic operations improvement projects, including the installation of ramp metering control devices and lighting, if the project meets the constraints in (4);
(ab) bridge rehabilitation, reconstruction, or replacement, or the construction of grade separation to replace existing at-grade railroad crossings, if the actions meet the constraints in (4);
(ac) purchase, construction, replacement, or rehabilitation of ferry vessels (including improvements to ferry vessel safety, navigation, and security systems) that would not require a change in the function of the ferry terminals and can be accommodated by existing facilities or by new facilities which themselves are within a CE; or
(ad) rehabilitation or reconstruction of existing ferry facilities that occupy substantially the same geographic footprint, do not result in a change in their functional use, and do not result in a substantial increase in the existing facility's capacity. Example actions include work on pedestrian and vehicle transfer structures and associated utilities, buildings, and terminals.
(3) Additional actions which meet the criteria for a CE may be designated as CEs only after the FHWA approval when a federal action occurs. Documentation must be submitted to FHWA for approval when a federal action occurs which demonstrates that the specific conditions or criteria for these CEs are satisfied and that significant environmental effects will not result. Examples of such actions include but are not limited to:
(a) transportation corridor fringe parking facilities;
(b) construction of new truck weigh stations or rest areas;
(c) approvals for disposal of excess right-of-way or for joint or limited use of right-of-way, where the proposed use does not have significant adverse impacts;
(d) approvals for changes in access control;
(e) construction of new bus storage and maintenance facilities in areas used predominantly for industrial or transportation purposes where such construction is not inconsistent with existing zoning and located on or near a street with adequate capacity to handle anticipated bus and support vehicle traffic;
(f) rehabilitation or reconstruction of existing rail and bus buildings and ancillary facilities where only minor amounts of additional land are required and there is not a substantial increase in the number of users;
(g) construction of bus transfer facilities (an open area consisting of passenger shelters, boarding areas, kiosks and related street improvements) when located in a commercial area or other high activity center in which there is adequate street capacity for projected bus traffic;
(h) construction of rail storage and maintenance facilities in areas used predominantly for industrial or transportation purposes where such construction is not inconsistent with existing zoning and where there is no significant noise impact on the surrounding community;
(i) acquisition of land for hardship or protective purposes. Hardship and protective buying will be permitted only for a particular parcel or a limited number of parcels. These types of land acquisition qualify for a CE only where the acquisition will not limit the evaluation of alternatives, including shifts in alignment for planned construction projects, which may be required in the MEPA process. No project development on such land may proceed until the MEPA process has been completed:
(i) Hardship acquisition is early acquisition of property by the applicant at the property owner's request to alleviate particular hardship to the owner, in contrast to others, because of an inability to sell his property. This is justified when the property owner can document on the basis of health, safety, or financial reasons that remaining in the property poses an undue hardship compared to others;
(ii) Protective acquisition is done to prevent imminent development of a parcel which may be needed for a proposed transportation corridor or site. Documentation must clearly demonstrate that development of the land would preclude future transportation use and that such development is imminent. Advance acquisition is not permitted for the sole purpose of reducing the cost of property for a proposed project; or
(j) actions described in (2)(z), (2)(aa), and (2)(ab) that do not meet the constraints in (4).
(4) Actions described in (2)(z), (2)(aa), and (2)(ab) may not be processed as CEs under (2) if they involve:
(a) an acquisition of more than a minor amount of right-of-way or that would result in any residential or nonresidential displacements;
(b) an action that does not meet the terms and conditions of a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers nationwide or general permit under section 404 of the Clean Water Act and/or section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899;
(c) a finding of ''adverse effect'' to historic properties under the National Historic Preservation Act, the use of a resource protected under 23 U.S.C. 138 or 49 U.S.C. 303 (section 4(f)) except for actions resulting in de minimis impacts, or a finding of ''may affect, likely to adversely affect'' threatened or endangered species or critical habitat under the Endangered Species Act;
(d) construction of temporary access, or the closure of existing road, bridge, or ramps, that would result in major traffic disruptions;
(e) changes in access control; or
(f) a floodplain encroachment other than functionally dependent uses (e.g., bridges, wetlands) or actions that facilitate open space use (e.g., recreational trails, bicycle and pedestrian paths); or construction activities in, across, or adjacent to a river component designated or proposed for inclusion in the National System of Wild and Scenic Rivers.
(5) The preparation of an environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement will be required if the project involves any of the following extraordinary circumstances:
(a) significant impact on publicly owned parklands, recreation areas, wildlife or waterfowl refuges, or any significant historic site;
(b) significant impact on wetlands or prime farmlands;
(c) significant impact on the human environment that may result from large acquisitions of right-of-way, relocations of persons or businesses, changes in traffic patterns, changes in grade, or other types of changes;
(d) significant impact on air, noise, or water quality;
(e) substantial controversy on environmental grounds; or
(f) any other kind of significant environmental impact.