(1) The permittee shall hold harmless the department and its agents and employees against any action for personal injury or property damage sustained by reason of exercise of the permit.
(2) A decision to grant, deny, or revoke an encroachment permit is solely within the discretion of the department.
(3) The owner of an existing private encroachment who does not have a department-issued encroachment permit may retroactively apply for an encroachment permit.
(4) If a retroactive encroachment permit application is denied by the department, the existing encroachment must be removed, at the encroachment owner's sole expense, within two days after the permit denial.
(5) Any person proposing a change in encroachment use of highway right-of-way must obtain a new encroachment permit from the department.
(6) A non-permitted encroachment, not affixed permanently to the land, must be removed by the encroachment owner within two days after notice from the department, unless a retroactive permit is applied for by the encroachment owner and approved by the department.
(7) A non-permitted encroachment, which is affixed to the land, must be removed by the encroachment owner within five days after notice from the department, unless a retroactive permit is applied for by the encroachment owner and approved by the department.
(9) If a non-permitted encroachment obstructs or prevents the use of the highway for vehicles, or constitutes a safety hazard to the traveling public, the department may immediately remove the encroachment without giving notice to the encroachment owner.