44.11.405 LOANS AS CONTRIBUTIONS, REPORTING
(1) Loans to a candidate are subject to the same limits as contributions and are aggregated into a candidate's total contributions pursuant to 13-37-216 and 13-37-218, MCA; except limits do not apply to contributions or a loan made by a candidate to his or her own campaign.
(2) For the purposes of Title 13, chapter 37, MCA, and these rules, a loan shall be reported as follows:
(a) a candidate or political committee shall report a loan on the appropriate reporting schedule and, in addition to the reporting requirements specified in ARM 44.11.402, shall identify it as to its purpose.
(i) The terms and conditions of all loans, including an oral agreement to lend money, shall be reduced to writing and the terms and conditions of the loan included in the documents to be retained and made available for inspection.
(ii) Any loan agreement must be signed by the candidate or political committee and the person or entity making the loan at the time the loan is made, or, if the initial agreement is an oral agreement, within five business days thereafter.
(iii) A written loan agreement must be signed prior to any transfer of funds.
(b) A loan made to a candidate or political committee by a person, other than in the regular course of the lender's business, shall be deemed a contribution by that person.
(c) A loan made to a candidate or political committee by any person in the regular course of the lender's business shall be deemed a contribution by the obligor on the loan and by any other person endorsing the loan.
(3) A loan made to a candidate or political committee that is not repaid by the candidate or committee, including the forgiveness of any loan, becomes an in-kind contribution to the candidate or committee, see ARM 44.11.501.