24.121.301    DEFINITIONS

(1) "Approved electrical appliances" are any electrical appliances that assist in the performance of services under a defined scope of practice.

(2) "Approved school" means a school licensed or otherwise approved by a governmental agency of a state or Canadian jurisdiction that issues licenses to practice in the fields of barbering or cosmetology.

(3) "Barber" and "Barbering" include barber nonchemical and barbering nonchemical, unless otherwise specified in these rules.

(4) "Beauty culture" means, but is not limited to, hairdressing, manicuring, and esthetics.

(5) "Blood spill kit" means a kit containing the equipment necessary to follow all of the blood spill procedures as required by ARM 24.121.1522.

(6) "Board-approved exam" means the written and practical examinations, collectively, that are approved by the board.

(7) "Booth renter" means an independent contractor who operates in a licensed salon or shop and is not an employee or owner of the salon or shop and abides by the requirements of 39-51-204, MCA.

(8) "Cadet" or "student" instructor means a licensee who is enrolled in a school for the teacher-training program.

(9)  "Change in ownership" means when more than 50 percent of the equitable ownership of a salon, shop, mobile salon or shop, or school is transferred to one or more persons or any other legal entity, in a single transaction or in a related series of transactions.

(10) "Chemical compounds" means professionally formulated makeup or cosmetic preparations, tonics, lotions, creams, waxes, depilatories, antiseptics, and other skin care and beautification products used in the performance of services under a defined scope of practice.

(11) "Clean" means the absence of, or the removal of, soil, dirt, dust, hair, or foreign material, by washing, sweeping, clearing away, or any other appropriate method rendering a sanitary condition.

(12) "Clipper cuts" for barbering education are haircuts performed using the free-hand method with a clipper consistent with what is being taught in the industry.

(13) "Demonstration" means a planned educational instruction that illustrates and explains with examples the merits of products or services to one or more enrolled students. Members of the public may not be charged for any service performed in connection with a demonstration.

(14) "Dermabrasion" or "open dermabrasion" means the surgical application of a wire or diamond frieze by a physician to abrade the skin, vaporizing from the epidermis and possibly down to the papillary layer of the dermis.

(15) "Dermaplane" means the use of a scalpel or sharp, bladed instrument by a physician to "shave" the upper layers of the epidermis.

(16) "Direct supervision" means the onsite physical presence of a supervisor in the clinic and basic areas of the school, where students perform educational activities and services requiring licensure, and includes communication, direction, observation, and evaluation on a consistent basis.

(17) "Disinfected" or "disinfection" means eliminating bacteria, viruses, and organisms on inanimate surfaces.

(18) "Distance education" means education such as computer-based training, Internet, video tape, or other mode of distance delivery where the instructor and student are separated by distance and, in some cases, time.

(19) "Embellishment and beautification" means the improvement of an individual's appearance to meet the individual's need or desire through noninvasive procedures and practices.

(20) "Employee" means a person employed by a salon, shop, mobile salon or shop, or school and paid wages and/or commissions in accordance with federal, state, and local regulations.

(21) "Exfoliation" means the sloughing off of nonliving (dead) skin cells by very superficial and noninvasive means.

(22) "Facial shaving" means utilizing a disposable injector straight edge designed for barbering. Standard shaving positions and strokes are:

(a) free-hand;

(b) reverse free-hand;

(c) back-hand; and

(d) reverse back-hand.

(23) "Foreign-educated applicant" means an applicant seeking licensure by the board who obtained a high school diploma, or the equivalent of a high school diploma, or professional training in any country outside of the U.S. or Canada.

(24) "Free-hand methods" for clipper cuts are:

(a) tapering (toe or teeth, middle, heel);

(b) arching;

(c) clipper over comb, to:

(i) blend;

(ii) remove bulk; and

(iii) remove cut lines; and

(d) blending with shear over comb.

(25) "Hairdressing" means performing any or all of the following on natural or artificial hair including, but not limited to, hairstyling (wet, dry, thermal, and braiding), chemical services (waving, relaxing, hair coloring, and lightening), hair cutting, and shampooing and scalp treatments.

(26) "Hour" of education is equal to 50 minutes of instructional time.

(27) "Inactive" means the status of any instructor who fails to meet the continuing education requirement.

(28) "Locker" means a chest, drawer, compartment, closet, or the like that is placed in a set location in a school, made of metal or other rigid and sturdy material, and may be locked for storage and safekeeping of clothing, valuables, and other personal belongings of students only, and is not subject to entry by a board inspector.

(29) "Member of the public" means any person that is not enrolled as a student or employed as an instructor of the school in which the student is attending. Payment or compensation for services shall not be a consideration.

(30) "Microdermabrasion" means a gentle, progressive, very superficial mechanical exfoliation of the uppermost layers of the stratum corneum using a closed-loop vacuum system.

(31) "Mobile salon or shop" means a salon or shop as defined in 37-31-101, MCA, that is readily movable and where barbering, barbering nonchemical, cosmetology, electrology, esthetics, or manicuring are practiced other than at a fixed location.

(32) "Needles" mean single-use, presterilized, and disposable needles of various sizes, which are stored in a manner that will maintain the sterile conditions of contents, away from wetness or extreme humidity.

(a) Needles may not be recapped, bent, or otherwise manipulated by hand prior to disposal, to avoid accidental puncture injury.

(b) Needles must be placed in a puncture-resistant sharps container immediately after use, when damaged, when contaminated before use, or when not used before the preprinted expiration date.

(33) "Noninvasive" means procedures confined to the nonliving cells of the epidermis, specifically the stratum corneum layer, and through which living cells are never altered, cut, or damaged. At no time shall individuals licensed in this chapter perform services where the germinative or basal layers of the skin are compromised.

(34) "Patch test" or "predisposition test" means a test required by federal law under the Food and Drug Act, whereby a small amount of the chemical preparation is applied to the skin of the arm or behind the ear to determine possible allergies (hypersensitivity) of the client.

(35) "Sanitized," "sanitary," or "sanitation" means to significantly reduce the number of pathogens or disease producing organisms found on a surface.

(36) "Single use items" mean items which shall be discarded after being used one time. These items include, but are not limited to, emery boards, nonmetal files without documentation from the manufacturer stating the file is disinfectable, mandrels, and sanding bands for electric files, orangewood/birchwood sticks, wooden applicator sticks or spatulas, porous foot files, disposable gloves, paraffin liners, cotton balls, cotton strips, cotton swabs, neck strips or muslin strips, and any item that cannot be cleaned and disinfected and remain intact in its original condition.

(37) "Sterilization" means to completely destroy all living organisms on a surface.

(38) "Supplemental barbering course" means a course of study in a licensed school offering a barbering or barbering nonchemical course, which consists of at least 125 hours in clipper cuts and 25 hours in facial, neck, and outline shaving, to an individual licensed in Montana or another jurisdiction, to meet the required educational needs for a barber or barber nonchemical license prior to taking the board-approved exam.

(39) "Very superficial" means confined to the uppermost stratum corneum layer of the epidermis.

(40) "Working area" means the area of a salon, shop, mobile salon or shop, or school where students or licensees perform services upon clients or members of the public.


History: 37-31-203, 37-31-204, MCA; IMP, 37-31-101, 37-31-203, 37-31-204, 37-31-302, 37-31-303, 37-31-305, 37-31-309, 37-31-311, MCA; NEW, 2004 MAR p. 2813, Eff. 11/19/04; AMD, 2006 MAR p. 1383, Eff. 6/2/06; AMD, 2008 MAR p. 382, Eff. 2/29/08; AMD, 2010 MAR p. 1402, Eff. 6/11/10; AMD, 2010 MAR p. 2378, Eff. 10/15/10; AMD, 2012 MAR p. 616, Eff. 3/23/12; AMD, 2015 MAR p. 1198, Eff. 8/14/15; AMD, 2015 p. 2034, Eff. 11/13/15; AMD, 2017 MAR p. 221, Eff. 2/18/17; AMD, 2018 MAR p. 1605, Eff. 8/11/18; AMD, 2021 MAR p. 1773, Eff. 12/11/21.