(1)  Under immediate supervision, an LVT may perform:  

(a)  placement of abdominal, thoracic, or percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes;

(b)  placement of epidural and intraosseous catheters;

(c)  floating of equine teeth.  All other equine dental operations must be performed by a licensed veterinarian.

(2)  Under direct supervision, an LVT may perform:

(a)  induction of general anesthesia;

(b)  non-emergency endotracheal intubation;

(c)  regional anesthesia, including paravertebral blocks, epidurals, local blocks;

(d)  dental procedures including:

(i)  the removal of calculus, soft deposits, plaque, and stains;

(ii)  polishing of teeth;

(iii) suturing a gingival incision;

(e)  blood or blood component collection, preparation, and administration for transfusion or blood banking purposes;

(f)  placement of tubes including, but not limited to, gastric, nasogastric, and nasoesophageal;

(g)  application of casts, splints, and slings for the immobilization of fractures;

(h)  fluid aspiration from a body cavity or organ (i.e., cystocentesis, thoracocentesis, abdominocentesis);

(i)  suturing of an existing surgical skin incision.

(3)  Under indirect supervision, an LVT may perform:

(a)  administration of controlled substances, unless prohibited by government regulations, including administration of controlled substances for the purposes of euthanasia, following current American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) guidelines for evaluating euthanasia methods;

(b)  imaging including, but not limited to, radiography, ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and fluoroscopy and the administration of radio-opaque agents/materials;

(c)  collection of urine by bladder expression, catheterization (unobstructed), and insertion of an indwelling urinary catheter; 

(d)  monitoring including, but not limited to, electrocardiogram (ECG), blood pressure, carbon dioxide (CO2), and blood oxygen saturation;

(e)  laser therapy and animal rehabilitation therapies;

(f)  ocular tonometry, Schirmer tear test, and fluorescein stain application;

(g)  application of splints and slings for the temporary immobilization of fractures;

(h)  general sedation, maintenance, and recovery.


History: 37-18-102, 37-18-104, 37-18-702, MCA; IMP, 37-18-102, 37-18-104, 37-18-702, MCA; NEW, 2022 MAR p. 1742, Eff. 9/10/22.