(1) In order to maintain normal bladder and bowel functions, the facility shall provide individualized attention to each resident that meets the following minimum standards:

(a) the facility shall provide a resident who is incontinent of bowel or bladder adequate personal care services to maintain the person's skin integrity, hygiene and dignity and to prevent urinary tract infections.

(2) Evidence that the facility is meeting each resident's needs for maintaining normal bowel and bladder functions include the following outcomes for residents at risk for incontinence:

(a) the resident is checked during those periods when they are known to be incontinent, including the night;

(b) the resident is kept clean and dry;

(c) clean and dry bed linens are provided as needed; and

(d) if the resident can benefit from scheduled toileting, they are assisted or reminded to go to the bathroom at regular intervals.

(3) Indwelling catheters are permissible, if the catheter care is taught and supervised by a licensed health care professional under a practitioner's order. Observations and care must be documented.

(4) Facility staff shall not:

(a) withhold fluids from a resident to control incontinence; or

(b) have a resident catheterized to control incontinence for the convenience of staff.

History: Sec. 50-5-103, 50-5-226 and 50-5-227, MCA; IMP, Sec. 50-5-225, 50-5-226 and 50-5-227, MCA; NEW, 2002 MAR p. 3638, Eff. 12/27/02.