37.40.416 RESIDENT RIGHTS
(1) The swing-bed hospital must be in substantial compliance with the requirements set forth in this rule pertaining to resident rights.
(2) A provider must protect and promote the rights of each resident, including each of the following rights:
(a) The resident has a right to a dignified existence, self-determination, and communication with and access to persons and services inside and outside the provider's facility.
(b) The resident has the right to be fully informed of the resident's total health status, including but not limited to medical condition, in language that the resident can understand.
(c) The resident has the right to refuse treatment, to refuse to participate in experimental research, and to formulate an advance directive as specified in 42 CFR 483.10(b) (8) . The department adopts and incorporates by reference 42 CFR 483.10(b) (8) . A copy of 42 CFR 483.10(b) (8) may be obtained from the Department of Public Health and Human Services, Senior and Long Term Care Division, 111 N. Sanders, PO Box 4210, Helena, MT 59604-4210.
(3) Each resident who is entitled to medicaid benefits has a right to be informed by the provider in writing, at the time of admission to the swing-bed or, when the resident becomes eligible for medicaid of:
(a) the items and services that are included in the swing-bed per diem rate for which the resident may not be charged, i.e., those items included in nursing facility services under ARM 37.40.302(14) or ancillary services under ARM 37.40.330(1) ; and
(b) those other items and services that the provider offers and for which the resident may be charged, and the amount of charges for those services; and
(c) changes made to the items and services specified in (3) (a) and (b) .
(4) The resident has the right to:
(a) choose a personal attending physician;
(b) be fully informed in advance about care and treatment and of any changes in that care or treatment that may affect the resident's well being; and
(c) unless adjudged incompetent or otherwise found to be incapacitated under state law, participate in planning care and treatment or changes in care and treatment.
(5) The resident has the right to personal privacy and confidentiality of personal and clinical records.
(a) Personal privacy includes accommodations, medical treatment, written and telephone communications, personal care, visits, and meetings of family and resident groups. The right of personal privacy does not require the provider to provide a private room for each resident.
(b) The resident may approve or refuse the release of personal and clinical records to any individual outside the facility, except when the resident is transferred to another health care institution or record release is required by law.
(6) The resident has the right to:
(a) refuse to perform services for the facility;
(b) perform services for the facility, if the resident chooses, when:
(i) the facility has documented in the plan of care the need or desire for work;
(ii) the plan specifies the nature of the services performed and whether the services are voluntary or paid;
(iii) compensation for paid services is at or above prevailing rates; and
(iv) the resident agrees to the work arrangement described in the plan of care.
(7) The resident has the right to privacy in written communications, including the right to:
(a) send and promptly receive mail that is unopened; and
(b) have access to stationery, postage, and writing implements at the resident's own expense.
(8) The resident has the right to see, and the facility must provide immediate access to any resident by, the following:
(a) subject to the resident's right to deny or withdraw consent at any time, immediate family or other relatives of the resident; and
(b) subject to reasonable restrictions and the resident's right to deny or withdraw consent at any time, others who are visiting with the consent of the resident.
(9) The resident has the right to retain and use personal
possessions, including some furnishings and appropriate clothing, as space permits, unless to do so would infringe upon the rights or health and safety of other residents.
(10) The resident has the right to share a room with a spouse when married residents live in the same facility and both spouses consent to the arrangement.
(11) The resident has the right to be free from any physical or chemical restraints imposed for purposes of discipline or convenience, and not required to treat the resident's medical symptoms.
(12) The resident has the right to be free from verbal, sexual, physical, and mental abuse, corporal punishment, and involuntary seclusion.
(13) The resident has the right to be informed in writing of the policies and procedures developed by the facility pursuant to ARM 37.40.408.
History: Sec. 53-6-113, MCA; IMP, Sec. 53-6-101 and 53-6-113, MCA; NEW, 2004 MAR p. 1479, Eff. 7/2/04.