37.8.311 ADOPTIONS, NAME CHANGES, AND SEX CHANGES
(1) The department will replace the original birth certificate with a new one without indicating that the information was amended in cases of adoption, a determination of paternity, an acknowledgment of paternity, or legitimation.
(2) In order to establish the replacement certificate, the department must be provided with the following:
(a) For an adoption:
(i) a certified copy of the certificate of adoption; and
(ii) a certified copy of the final order of adoption.
(b) For a legitimation:
(i) a notarized Acknowledgement of Paternity for Legitimation; and
(ii) a certified copy of the marriage certificate.
(c) For a court order establishing paternity:
(i) a certified copy of the court order establishing paternity under 40-6-123, MCA, which must contain:
(A) the child's name as it appears on the original certificate;
(B) the child's date and county of birth; and
(C) the full name, date of birth, and place of birth of the father being placed on the certificate.
(d) For an acknowledgement of paternity when the last name of the child is being changed:
(i) a notarized Acknowledgement of Paternity signed by both parents; and
(ii) a notarized request for a new certificate signed by both parents.
(3) Once paternity has been established, the registrant's last name may only be changed through an adoption, legitimation, or court order.
(4) Except in the cases specified in ARM 37.8.108, the amendment of a registrant's given name or surname on a birth certificate may be made only if the department receives a certified copy of an order from a court with appropriate jurisdiction. The court order that directs the name change must include the registrant's name as it appears on the certificate, the registrant's date of birth, the county of birth, if available, and information sufficient to locate and identify the record to be amended. If the court order directs the issuance of a new certificate, the record will not show amendments, and the new certificate will not indicate on its face that it was amended. The procedure to add a first name, middle name, or both, to a birth record that is more than one year old, as in the case when a child is not named at birth, is regulated under ARM 37.8.108.
(5) For any period in which the department is subject to an injunction against enforcement of S.B. 280, codified at 50-15-224, MCA, or S.B. 280 is held invalid, (5)(b) applies. Otherwise, (5)(a) applies.
(a) The sex of a registrant as cited on a certificate may be amended only if the department receives a certified copy of an order from a court with appropriate jurisdiction indicating that the sex of an individual born in Montana has been changed by surgical procedure. The order must contain sufficient information for the department to locate the original record. If the registrant's name is also to be changed, the order must indicate the full name of the registrant as it appears on the original birth certificate and the full name to which it is to be amended. If the order directs the issuance of a new certificate that does not show amendments, the new certificate will not indicate on its face that it was amended. If the sex of an individual was listed incorrectly on the original certificate, refer to ARM 37.8.108.
(b) The sex of a registrant as cited on a certificate may be corrected only if:
(i) the sex of an individual was listed incorrectly on the original certificate as a result of a scrivener's error or a data entry error, and the department receives a correction affidavit and supporting documents, consistent with ARM 37.8.108(4), (5), and (6), including a copy of the records of the health care facility or attending health care professional, contemporaneous to the birth, that identify the sex of the individual, with an affidavit from the health care facility or professional attesting to the date and accuracy of the records; or
(ii) the sex of the individual was misidentified on the original certificate and the department receives a correction affidavit and supporting documents, consistent with ARM 37.8.108(4) and (5), including a copy of the results of chromosomal, molecular, karyotypic, DNA, or genetic testing that identify the sex of the individual, together with an affidavit from the health care facility, health care professional, or laboratory testing facility that conducted the test and/or analyzed the test results, attesting to the test results and their accuracy.
History: 50-15-102, 50-15-103, 50-15-204, 50-15-208, 50-15-223, MCA; IMP, 50-15-102, 50-15-103, 50-15-203, 50-15-204, 50-15-208, 50-15-223, 50-15-224,MCA; NEW, 2008 MAR p. 169, Eff. 1/1/08; AMD, 2015 MAR p. 1492, Eff. 9/25/15; AMD, 2017 MAR p. 2436, Eff. 12/23/17; AMD, 2021 MAR p. 926, Eff. 7/24/21; AMD, 2022 MAR p. 1752, Eff. 9/10/22.