(1) All residents must self-administer their own medications.
(2) The provider is responsible for providing assistance to the resident in taking his medications, including:
(a) removing medication from secured storage;
(b) providing verbal suggestions, prompting, reminding, gesturing, or providing a written guide for self-administering medications;
(c) handling a prefilled, labeled medication holder, labeled unit dose container, syringe or original marked, labeled container from the pharmacy, or a medication organizer;
(d) opening the lid of the container for the resident;
(e) guiding the hand of the resident to self-administer the medication;
(f) holding and assisting the resident in drinking the fluid to assist in the swallowing of oral medications; and
(g) assisting with removal of a medication from a container for residents with a physical disability which prevents independence in the act.
(3) Resident medication organizers may be prepared up to four weeks in advance and injectable medications as specified in (4)(c) by the following individuals:
(a) a resident or a resident's legal representative;
(b) a resident's family caregiver, who is a person related to the resident by blood or marriage or who has full guardianship; or
(c) as otherwise provided by law.
(4) The individual referred to in (3) must adhere to the following protocol:
(a) verify that all medications to be set up carry a practitioner's current order;
(b) set up medications only from prescriptions in labeled containers dispensed by a registered pharmacist or from over-the-counter drug containers with intact, clearly readable labels; and
(c) set up injectable insulin up to seven days in advance by drawing insulin into syringes identified for content, date, and resident. Other injectable medications must be set up according to the recommendations provided by the pharmacy.
(5) An accurate medication record for each resident must be kept of all medications, including over-the-counter medications, for those residents who require monitoring or assistance or both by the provider. The record must include:
(a) name of medication, reason for use, dosage, route, and date and time taken;
(b) name and telephone number of the prescribing practitioner;
(c) any adverse reaction, unexpected effects of medication, or medication error, which must also be reported to the resident's practitioner;
(d) allergies and sensitivities, if any; and
(e) resident specific parameters and instructions for PRN medications.
(6) The medication record must indicate the reason for the omission of any dose of medication.
(7) A medication record need not be kept for those residents for whom written authorization has been given by their practitioner to keep their medication, including over-the-counter medication, in their rooms and to be fully responsible for taking the medication in the correct dosage and at the proper time. The authorization must be renewed on an annual basis.
(8) Prescription drugs must be purchased from a licensed pharmacy, labeled with the name, address, and telephone number of the pharmacy, name of the resident, name and strength of the drug, direction for use, date filled, prescription number, name of the practitioner, and expiration date. Controlled substances must have a warning label on the bottle.
(9) All prescription and nonprescription medication must be contained in a locked storage area.
(10) Medications requiring refrigeration must be separated from food in a clearly labeled, designated locked container.
(11) If the resident is not able to do so, the provider must destroy all discontinued prescriptions.
(a) The provider will maintain a record of all destroyed or returned medications in the resident record.
(b) Documentation of disposition including resident's name, name of drug, quantity, and prescription number must be signed by the individual disposing of the medication.
(12) No resident, provider, or staff member may be permitted to use another resident's medication.