(1) "Action" means a project, program or
activity directly undertaken by the agency; a project or activity supported
through a contract, grant, subsidy, loan or other form of funding assistance
from the agency, either singly or in combination with 1 or more other state
agencies; or a project or activity involving the issuance of a lease, permit,
license, certificate, or other entitlement for use or permission to act by the
agency, either singly or in combination with other state agencies.
(2) (a) "Alternative" means:
(i) an alternate approach or course of
action that would appreciably accomplish the same objectives or results as the
(ii) design parameters, mitigation, or controls
other than those incorporated into a proposed action by an applicant or by an
agency prior to preparation of an EA or draft EIS;
(iii) no action or denial; and
(iv) for agency-initiated actions, a
different program or series of activities that would accomplish other
objectives or a different use of resources than the proposed program or series
(b) The agency is required to consider only alternatives that are realistic, technologically available, and that represent a course of action that bears a logical relationship to the proposal being evaluated.
(3) "The agency" means the department of environmental quality and the board of environmental review.
(4) "Applicant" means a person or any other entity who applies to the agency for a grant, loan, subsidy, or other funding assistance, or for a lease, permit, license, certificate, or other entitlement for use or permission to act.
(5) "Categorical exclusion" refers to a type of action which does not individually, collectively, or cumulatively require an EA or EIS, as determined by rulemaking or programmatic review adopted by the agency, unless extraordinary circumstances, as defined by rulemaking or programmatic review, occur.
(6) "Compensation" means the replacement or provision of substitute resources or environments to offset an impact on the quality of the human environment. The agency may not consider compensation for purposes of determining the significance of impacts (see ARM 17.4.607(4) ) .
(7) "Cumulative impact" means the collective impacts on the human environment of the proposed action when considered in conjunction with other past and present actions related to the proposed action by location or generic type. Related future actions must also be considered when these actions are under concurrent consideration by any state agency through preimpact statement studies, separate impact statement evaluation, or permit processing procedures.
(8) "Emergency actions" include, but are not limited to:
(a) projects undertaken, carried out, or approved by the agency to repair or restore property or facilities damaged or destroyed as a result of a disaster when a disaster has been declared by the governor or other appropriate government entity;
(b) emergency repairs to public service facilities necessary to maintain service; and
(c) projects, whether public or private, undertaken to prevent or mitigate immediate threats to public health, safety, welfare, or the environment.
(9) "Environmental assessment" (EA) means a written analysis of a proposed action to determine whether an EIS is required or to serve 1 or more of the other purposes described in ARM 17.4.607(2) .
impact statement" (EIS) means the detailed written statement required by
75-1-201, MCA, which may take several forms:
environmental impact statement" means a detailed written statement
prepared to the fullest extent possible in accordance with 75-1-201(1) (b) (iii) ,
MCA, and these rules;
environmental impact statement" means a written statement prepared to the
fullest extent possible in accordance with 75-1-201, MCA, and ARM
17.4.618 or 17.4.619 and which responds to substantive comments received on the
draft environmental impact statement;
environmental impact statement" means an EIS prepared jointly by more than
one agency, either state or federal, when the agencies are involved in the same
or a closely related proposed action.
quality council" (EQC) means the council established pursuant to Title 75,
chapter 1, MCA, and 5-16-101, MCA.
environment" includes, but is not limited to biological, physical, social,
economic, cultural, and aesthetic factors that interrelate to form the
environment. As the term applies to the
agency's determination of whether an EIS is necessary (see ARM 17.4.607(1) ) ,
economic and social impacts do not by themselves require an EIS. However, whenever an EIS is prepared,
economic and social impacts and their relationship to biological, physical,
cultural and aesthetic impacts must be discussed.
agency" means the state agency that has primary authority for committing
the government to a course of action or the agency designated by the governor
to supervise the preparation of a joint environmental impact statement or
(14) "Mitigation" means:
(a) avoiding an impact by not taking a certain action or parts of an action;
(b) minimizing impacts by limiting the degree or magnitude of an action and
(c) rectifying an impact by repairing, rehabilitating, or restoring the
affected environment; or
(d) reducing or eliminating an impact over
time by preservation and maintenance operations during the life of an action or
the time period thereafter that an impact continues.
(15) "Programmatic review" means
an analysis (EIS or EA) of the impacts on the quality of the human environment
of related actions, programs, or policies.
(16) "Residual impact" means an impact that is not eliminated by
(17) "Scope" means the range of reasonable alternatives,
mitigation, issues, and potential impacts to be considered in an environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement.
(18) "Secondary impact" means a further impact to the human environment that may be stimulated or induced by or otherwise result from a direct impact of the action.
(19) "State agency", means an office, commission, committee, board, department, council, division, bureau, or section of the executive branch of state government.