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(1) To qualify for Community First Choice Services (CFCS), a person must:

(a) be Medicaid eligible;

(b) meet the level of care criteria found at ARM 37.40.205(1); and

(c) demonstrate a medical and functional need for assistance with activities

of daily living.

(2) CFCS includes assistance with the following activities:

(a) activities of daily living;

(b) instrumental activities of daily living;

(c) medical escort services;

(d) skill acquisition, maintenance, and enhancement; and

(e) personal emergency response systems.

(3) Instrumental activities of daily living are only authorized when the member demonstrates a medical and functional need to receive assistance with activities of daily living. Instrumental activities of daily living may not account for more than one-third of the total time allocated per two-week period for CFCS or a maximum of ten hours per two-week time period, whichever is less.

(4) Medical escort services are only authorized when the member has demonstrated a medical and functional need for CFCS. Medical escort services must be directly related to a member's medical and functional need for assistance en route to, or at the Medicaid reimbursable medical service, and are available when a family member or caregiver is unable to accompany the member.

(5) Skill acquisition, maintenance, and enhancement services are only authorized when the member demonstrates a medical and functional need to receive assistance with activities of daily living. The service may be authorized if a member is expected to achieve full independence in skill acquisition within a 90-day time period. A skill acquisition letter of endorsement signed by a skill acquisition advocate is required prior to authorization of the service.

(6) Personal emergency response system services (PERS) are only authorized when the member demonstrates a medical and functional need to receive assistance with activities of daily living.

(7) CFCS, except for medical escort services, shopping, laundry, and community integration, will be provided in the member's home.

(8) CFCS may not typically be provided in group home settings unless prior authorized by the department. Group home settings include licensed youth foster homes, mental health group homes, and adult intensive community home services. CFCS may be authorized when the person's medical needs are beyond the scope of services normally provided by programs funding services in the group setting. For example, a person requiring additional assistance because of an acute medical episode or post-hospitalization period may receive CFCS in a youth foster home setting.

(9) CFCS is not available to the following:

(a) persons who reside in a hospital, hospitals providing long-term care, or a long-term care facility as defined in 50-5-101, MCA, and licensed under 50-5-201, MCA;

(b) persons who reside in assisted living or adult foster homes, as defined in 50-5-225, MCA, and licensed under 50-5-227, MCA;

(c) persons who live in homes which are not safely accessible by normal modes of transportation.

(10) CFCS may not include any skilled services that require professional medical training unless otherwise permitted under 37-8-103, MCA, or ARM 24.159.1616.

(11) CFCS do not include services which maintain an entire household. CFCS do not include:

(a) cleaning floors and furniture in areas that members do not use or occupy;

(b) laundering clothing or bedding that members do not use;

(c) supervision, respite care, babysitting, or visiting;

(d) maintenance of animals unless the animal is a certified service animal specifically trained to meet the health and safety needs of the member;

(e) home and outside maintenance; and

(f) meal preparation for other family members.

(12) CFCS provided by a member of the member's immediate family is not CFCS for the purposes of the Medicaid program, and is not eligible for reimbursement. Immediate family member includes the following:

(a) a spouse; and

(b) a natural, adoptive, or foster parent of a minor child.

(13) CFCS must be delivered by a CFCS personal care attendant employed by an enrolled Medicaid provider that has met the criteria established by the department for the delivery of CFCS as referenced in ARM 37.40.1017 and 37.40.1018.

(14) CFCS may not be provided to relieve a parent of child-caring or other legal responsibilities. CFCS for children with disabilities may be appropriate when the parent is unqualified or otherwise unable to provide services and the child is at risk of institutionalization unless the services are provided.

History: 53-2-201, MCA; IMP, 53-2-201, 53-6-113, MCA; NEW, 2014 MAR p. 3075, Eff. 12/25/14.

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