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10.53.802    DEFINITIONS

(1) For purposes of science content standards contained in this subchapter, the following definitions apply:

(a) "Crosscutting concepts" are those that connect learning across the different areas of disciplinary content. They are:

(i) patterns;

(ii) cause and effect;

(iii) scale, proportion, and quantity;

(iv) systems and system models;

(v) energy and matter, flows, cycles, and conservation;

(vi) structure and function; and

(vii) stability and change.

(b) "Science and engineering practices" are methods of inquiry by which ideas are developed and refined. They are:

(i) asking questions as it applies to science and defining problems as it applies to engineering;

(ii) developing and using models;

(iii) planning and carrying out investigations;

(iv) analyzing and interpreting data;

(v) using mathematics and computational thinking;

(vi) constructing explanations as it applies to science and designing solutions as it applies to engineering;

(vii) engaging in argument from evidence; and

(viii) obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information.


History: Mont. Const. Art. X, sec. 9, 20-2-114, MCA; IMP, Mont. Const. Art. X, sec. 9, 20-2-121, 20-3-106, 20-7-101, MCA; NEW, 2016 MAR p. 1955, Eff. 7/1/17.

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