(1) "Adult" means an individual 18 years of age and older.
(2) "Emergency situation" has the meaning given to it by 53-21-102, MCA.
(3) "Forensic mental health services" means mental health services for persons referred for care, custody, treatment, or evaluation by or through the criminal justice system.
(4) "Immediate emergency" means a situation involving a client that jeopardizes the immediate physical safety of a client, a staff member, or others.
(5) "Involuntary medication" means medication administered to a client when one or more of the following circumstances are present:
(a) administration of medication is against the specific wish of a client, made evident by verbal or nonverbal behavior reasonably interpreted as an objection;
(b) a client who does not have a legally appointed guardian lacks capacity to give informed consent; or
(c) a client's legally appointed guardian cannot or will not give consent.
(6) "Licensed health care practitioner" means a licensed physician, physician assistant, or advanced practice registered nurse who is practicing within the scope of the license issued by the Department of Labor and Industry under Title 37 of the MCA.
(7) "Licensed health care professional" means a licensed physician, physician assistant, advanced practice registered nurse, or registered nurse who is practicing within the scope of the license issued by the Department of Labor and Industry under Title 37 of the MCA.
(8) "Medication administration" means an act in which a prescribed drug or biological is given to a client by an individual who is authorized under state laws and regulations governing such acts.
(9) "Restraint" means:
(a) any manual method, physical or mechanical device, material, or equipment that immobilizes or reduces the ability of a client to move his or her arms, legs, body, or head freely;
(b) a drug or medication when it is used to restrict the patient's behavior or freedom of movement and is not a standard treatment or dosage for the patient's condition;
(c) restraint does not include devices, such as orthopedically prescribed devices, surgical dressings or bandages, protective helmets, or other methods that involve the physical holding of a client for the purpose of conducting routine physical examinations or tests, or to protect the client from falling out of bed, or to permit the client to participate in activities without the risk of physical harm (this does not include a physical escort); or
(d) restraint does not include medications administered during an immediate emergency which are individually prescribed to assist a client to regain control of the client's dangerous behavior.
(10) "Sally port" means a secure entry way that consists of a series of doors or gates.
(11) "Seclusion" means the involuntary confinement of a client alone in a room or area from which the client is physically prevented from leaving. Confining clients to his or her bedrooms during medication administration, shift changes, or facility emergencies does not constitute seclusion for the purposes of this rule.
History: 50-5-103, MCA; IMP, 50-5-103, 50-5-204, MCA; NEW, 2016 MAR p. 144, Eff. 1/23/16.