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(1) Computer science algorithms and programming standards for sixth through eighth grades are: 

(a) use algorithms to address complex problems;

(b) create clearly named variables that represent different data types and perform operations on their values;

(c) develop programs that combine control structures, including nested loops and compound conditionals;

(d) decompose problems and subproblems into parts to facilitate the design, implementation, and review of programs;

(e) create procedures with parameters to organize code and make it easier to reuse;

(f) seek and incorporate feedback from team members and users to refine a solution that meets user needs;

(g) incorporate existing code, media, and libraries into original programs, and give attribution;

(h) systematically test and refine programs using a range of test cases;

(i) distribute tasks and maintain a project timeline when collaboratively developing computational artifacts; and

(j) document programs in order to make them easier to follow, test, and debug.

(2) Computer science computing systems standards for sixth through eighth grades are:

(a) recommend improvements to the design of computing devices, based on an analysis of how users interact with the devices;

(b) design projects that combine hardware and software components to collect and exchange data; and

(c) systematically identify and fix problems with computing devices and their components.

(3) Computer science data and analysis standards for sixth through eighth grades are:

(a) collect data using computational tools and transform the data to make it more useful and reliable;

(b) represent data using multiple formats; and

(c) refine computational models based on the data they have generated.

(4) Computer science impacts of computing standards for sixth through eighth grades are:

(a) compare tradeoffs associated with computing technologies that affect people's everyday activities and career options in Montana and the world, urban, rural, and reservation communities;

(b) discuss issues of bias and accessibility in the design of existing technologies;

(c) collaborate with other contributors when creating a computational artifact; and

(d) describe tradeoffs between allowing information, personal or intellectual, to be public and keeping information private and secure.

(5) Computer science networks and the internet standards for sixth through eighth grades are:

(a) explain how physical and digital security measures protect electronic information;

(b) apply multiple methods of encryption to demonstrate how to securely transmit information; and

(c) demonstrate how information is broken down and transmitted through multiple devices over networks and the internet and reassembled at the destination.


History: Mont. Const. Art. X, sec. 9, 20-2-121, MCA; IMP, Mont. Const. Art. X, sec. 9, 20-2-121, 20-3-106, 20-7-101, MCA; NEW, 2020 MAR p. 2138, Eff. 7/1/21.

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