(1) A graduating student at the novice level in mathematics is beginning to attain the prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental at each benchmark in mathematics. He/she:
(a) demonstrates limited and incomplete use of mathematical processes and problem-solving strategies;
(b) often uses limited and incomplete reasoning to formulate logical arguments and communicate mathematical ideas;
(c) makes only concrete, mathematical connections;
(d) seldom uses appropriate technology to apply functions, graphs, and algebraic concepts to solve problems;
(e) recognizes, on a limited basis, complex measurement, geometric relationships, and properties; and
(f) makes some predictions and decisions, on a limited basis, based on data, but seldom recognizes statistical or probability concepts.