(1) Any person applying to operate a wholesale food establishment must complete and submit a written application for a license on a form provided by the department. License application forms are available through the local health authority in the county where the activity is being proposed.
(2) A license applicant or legal licensee must submit to the regulatory authority properly prepared plans and specifications for review and approval before:
(a) construction of a new food establishment;
(b) conversion of an existing structure for use as a food establishment;
(c) significant remodeling of an existing food establishment, as determined by the regulatory authority;
(d) significant change in licensing subtype from low-risk food processing to high-risk food processing, as determined by the regulatory authority; or
(e) a proposed change in legal ownership of an existing food establishment, as determined by the regulatory authority.
(3) Establishment plans and specifications must include, as required by the regulatory authority, the following information to demonstrate conformance with this subchapter:
(a) intended ingredients, recipes, or products;
(b) anticipated volume of food to be stored, processed, and sold or served;
(c) proposed layout, mechanical schematics, construction materials, and finish schedules;
(d) proposed equipment types, manufacturers, model numbers, locations, dimensions, performance capacities, and installation specifications;
(e) evidence that standard procedures ensuring compliance with the requirements of this rule are developed or are being developed; and
(f) other information that may be required by the regulatory authority for the proper review of the proposed construction, conversion, or modification, and procedures for operating a food establishment.
(4) Proposed mobile food establishments, engaged in food processing, especially high-risk processing, must adequately demonstrate to both the department and the local regulatory authority that the business plan can control at least the following factors, prior to issuance of a license for each and every anticipated food-processing site:
(a) access to sufficient quantity and quality of potable water;
(b) provision for numbers and location of handwashing stations;
(c) provision for numbers and location of food worker toilets;
(d) access to sufficient quantity and quality of wastewater disposal systems;
(e) control over possible airborne contaminants;
(f) control over possible ground-based contaminants;
(g) control over possible vermin access;
(h) control over proper plumbing for water and wastewater;
(i) control over operations to prevent water and wastewater freezing; and
(j) other relevant control items deemed appropriate by the department or local regulatory authority.
(5) A proposed food manufacturing establishment bottling drinking water in Montana must submit the following to the department and/or local health authority for review and approval:
(a) written test results of the most recent inorganic, volatile organic, organic chemical, and radiological analyses of the water serving the establishment;
(b) written test results for pesticides and synthetic organic chemicals, if the department or local health authority determines such tests are necessary, or if random testing has shown there is or may be contaminants present at levels which may adversely affect public health;
(c) a written description of the water source, water treatment systems, all substances added to the water, and any other documentation required by the department or local health authority to verify that labels and terminology used on product labels conform with applicable law; and
(d) for products labeled ″mineral water″ or for a label containing the term "mineral water" copies of laboratory testing results of mineral content and total dissolved solids (TDS) of the product, obtained during the last 12 months preceding the license year from an agency approved by the department or another public health agency, to test drinking water.
(6) License applicants and license holders must ensure uniform application of food safety standards and compliant product labels.
(a) Prior to approval of an application for a license, or change in certain license subtypes, the local regulatory authority will require the license applicant to submit to the department, and/or the local regulatory authority, food processing plans and food package labeling examples on a form provided by the department for assessment of compliance with this subchapter, and food standards in applicable subsections of ARM 37.110.101. The assessment will be conducted by either the local regulatory authority or the department, or both.
(b) Pursuant to the requirement in (6), this section addresses who is qualified to conduct food safety evaluations and scientific food studies:
(i) Food processes or packaging methods and scientific challenge studies that need a written safety evaluation must be conducted by a process authority currently listed with the Association of Food and Drug Officials at the time of the compliance assessment stated in (6)(a).
(ii) When a challenge study is proposed, in addition to the requirement in (b)(i), the study must be designed and evaluated by an expert food microbiologist, and the laboratory in which the study is conducted must be able to demonstrate prior experience in conducting valid scientific challenge studies.
(c) At the conclusion of the pre-licensing assessment done by the department, the department will submit in a timely manner to the local regulatory authority, and license applicant, a written report regarding findings of the pre-licensing assessment, which may be used by the local regulatory authority as a basis for approval or denial of an application for a license. The written report will also suggest to the local regulatory authority to which license subtype the business should be assigned.
(7) All wholesale food establishments must comply with all appropriate building construction standards in 50-60-101, MCA, and all applicable administrative rules as adopted by the Department of Labor and Industry in ARM Title 24, chapter 301 before issuance of a department wholesale food license.
(8) The regulatory authority must conduct one or more pre-licensing inspections to verify that the food establishment is constructed and equipped in accordance with the approved plans and approved modifications of those plans, and is in compliance with law and this subchapter. No license will be issued or permission granted to operate a proposed establishment if any violations of this rule are observed by the regulatory authority during the final onsite pre-licensing inspection. The department will issue a license to the applicant if the final pre-licensing inspection by the regulatory authority reveals that the proposed wholesale food establishment complies with requirements in this subchapter.
(9) No person may operate a wholesale food establishment who does not have a valid license issued by the department. Only a person who complies with the requirements of this subchapter will be entitled to receive or retain such a license. A valid license must be posted in a conspicuous place for viewing at every wholesale food establishment. Food establishments, under this subchapter that also sell or serve to consumers must procure a separate retail food establishment license, unless specifically exempted from licensure under law in Title 50, chapter 50, MCA.
(10) A license issued by the department must be validated by the local health officer of the local board of health with jurisdiction where the establishment is located in accordance with 50-57-208, MCA. Upon refusal to validate a license, the applicant may appeal the decision in accordance with 50-57-209, MCA.
(11) The department may deny or cancel a license, in accordance with 50-57-210, MCA. Prior to license cancellation, the applicant or licensee may submit a correction plan, in accordance with 50-57-211, MCA. A written notice to the applicant or licensee and hearing are required in cases involving license denials or cancellations, in accordance with 50-57-212, MCA.
(12) Whenever a cancellation of a license has become final, the holder of the cancelled license may make written application for a new license.
(13) Obtaining the license referred to in (9) does not relieve the applicant from satisfying applicable requirements from other federal, state, or local agencies. These may include:
(a) building rule permits and inspections;
(b) fire and life safety inspections;
(c) private or public water supply system or sewage treatment systems permits or inspections; and
(d) occupational health and safety requirements.
(14) The local regulatory authority will assign a food establishment to a license type and subtype by assessing food processing procedures, food service, and utilizing the definitions in this subchapter.
(15) At the time of initial licensing and updated as needed, but no less than each licensing year, the regulatory authority will correctly assign a food establishment to one of four categories by evaluating the food processing and service procedures of the food establishment based on the criteria specified in Table 1.
Table 1: Food Establishment Categories
Category A: a food establishment whose point value is less than two must be included in this category.
Category B: a food establishment whose point value is at least two, but not greater than four, must be included in this category.
Category C: a food establishment whose point value equals or exceeds five must be included in this category.
Category D: a food establishment that has been ordered closed by the regulatory authority, or caused a documented foodborne illness outbreak within the previous licensing year must be included in this category.
Food Establishment Point Assignments
Food is not processed at the facility
Establishment has annual gross sales in excess of $1 million
Establishment distributes food to other states or nations
Establishment provides delivery of ready-to-eat food to consumers
Potentially hazardous food (condition control food) are held at the facility for any period of time
Establishment provides wild mushrooms or wild plants
Establishment distributes food directly to schools, hospitals, elderly care facilities, or to other facilities that serve highly susceptible populations to foodborne illness
Food is processed before being distributed, involving activities such as baking, blanching, boiling, chopping, cooking, cutting, dicing, heating, reheating, or slicing, back-sweetening, and the finished food product is considered ready-to-eat
Food processed at the facility is classified as an acidified food, fish, or fishery product, low-acid canned food, or juice product
Establishment is engaged in sprouting seeds or making ice for human consumption
Establishment infuses vegetables or herbs in oil
Establishment packages potentially hazardous foods in reduced oxygen packaging or modified atmospheric packaging
(16) Botanical substances are those substances not classified in law as food, dietary supplements, drugs, or cosmetics but its use is commonly or usually known by reasonable persons to be an edible product available in commerce.
(a) Botanical substances as determined by the department that are in commerce, such as kratum (Mitragnya speciosa), will not be classified as foods, dietary supplements, drugs, or cosmetics if the following conditions apply to product labeling, promotional materials, and advertising:
(i) the information makes no reference to the product being edible; and
(ii) the information makes no health or health-related claims that would render the products unapproved drugs, dietary supplements, or food.
(b) This rule does not waive detainment and condemnation powers given in 50-31-509 and 50-31-510, MCA, for public health and safety purposes regarding adulteration and misbranding.
History: 50-57-103, MCA; IMP, 50-57-103, 50-57-201, 50-57-203, 50-57-208, 50-57-209, 50-57-210, 50-57-211, 50-57-212, 50-57-213, MCA; NEW, 2019 MAR p. 2126, Eff. 1/1/20.